It Begins with Function and Design
All wood working starts with a common theme-determine a projects specific function and then create a design to achieve that function.
All wood finishing starts exactly the same way-with the project having a function and then a design.
The Function of a Finish
The function of the finish is to provide the appropriate level of protection. Different projects (i.e. floors, doors, cabinets, chairs, a jewelry box, a dining room table, millwork) all require functionally different finishes.
Choosing a functional finish includes picking the right type of finish and the right method of application. Here are just some of your choices: oils, oil varnish blends, gelled finishes, shellac, lacquer, varnish, urethane, or two-part coatings. Then there are water-based finishes or solvent based finishes to choose from. Application methods include: rags, brushes, rollers or spraying systems. Industrial coatings can even involve ultraviolet curing systems.
Designing a Finish
The design for wood finishing provides its visual appeal. It is the color/visual appearance you want to see on the project. This component is provided by your choices of oils, dyes, stains, dye- stains, or other chemicals. Your approach can range from one-step coloring to a multistep regimen including glazes and toners.
Color theory/color matching can play a huge role in creating the right design/aesthetic property of the object. It also plays a large role in the function of a coating by protecting and/or preserving the wood from fading.
Where the wood finishing is to be performed must also be considered. Site conditions can restrict the use of certain chemical(s) and or procedures. Spray gun application is an example.
No matter if you're a hobbyist or a professional, the goal of an effective finishing regimen is to eliminate as many unnecessary products and procedures as possible while still accomplishing your function and design goals. This allows you to focus on mastering the tools and techniques that are most relevant to your specific needs.
The Right Way to Learn Wood Finishing
At the National Institute of Wood Finishing, I taught thousands of students how to finish wood and I've heard the reports from those who tried to learn it on their own and it generally isn't pretty. Multiple horror stories of failed finishes, missed deadlines and constant frustration. It is no surprise that wood workers often shy away from finishing their own pieces, or worse yet, go ahead and apply a sub-par finish to an otherwise successful project. That's why I believe that wood finishing education is essential. And why I've spent the last 40 years teaching others the craft.
With so many wood finishing choices to explore and limited time to learn, what is the right way to approach the subject? The most effective answer is targeted training for maximum effect. And you've got some options.
For those of you who are looking for a general introduction to the world of hands-on finishing, I conduct two and five day classes throughout the spring, summer and fall at the Marc Adams School of Woodworking. These are classes with limited enrollment (18-22 students) and include a mixture of theory, demonstration and hands-on time. By the end of my 5-day classes, you'll have learned the why's behind the how-to using many common finishing techniques. These classes are a great accelerated start to the world of fine finishing.
For those of you who desire a more targeted approach, the next level is one-on-one instruction with me. These sessions can be one day or several and the subject matter is carefully customized, with plenty of input from the you, so as to specifically address your finishing needs. These sessions typically take place in my shop at Fresh Air Finishers in St. Paul, MN.
The peak level of custom instruction involves me coming to you and can be especially advantageous when troubleshooting site conditions or specific equipment. It is often the choice of professional finish shops with multiple employees to train and specialized requirements.
I also lecture and consult at locations around North America as well.
Hopefully there is an offering above that you'd like to take advantage of.
You can begin the process by answering a few simple questions. Your answers help me eliminate what you don't need so we can focus your session to address what you do need.
- What kind of projects am I constructing?
- What level of protection do my projects require? Think kitchen table top vs. a jewelry box...
- What woods do I typically use? Every species of wood has its own unique finishing challenges!
- Where are you doing your finishing? Are there specific challenges you are aware of?
- How are you most likely to apply the coatings? With a rag, a brush or spray gun?
- Are you interested in learning how important coloring the wood is?
I look forward to hearing from you!